Soren Kierkegaard and his philosophy

Introduction:
Soren Kierkegaard was an extremely profound and influential writer who crossed the boundaries of philosophy, theology, psychology, and the literary tradition With his devotional literature. He is best known as a father of the existential Outlook in the world of philosophy. In his work, provocations, spiritual writings, he is very careful, presenting the most important idea of “against the crowd, suspending, ethical and inwardness and subjectivity”. Let us comprehend these essential features of his prolific magnum opus in the domain of philosophical discoveries Related to the social as well as the metaphysical world.
In his masterpiece against the crowd, he begins by saying that there is a prevalent view of life which conceives that where the crowd is, the truth is also there and that in the truth itself, there is a need of having the crowd on its side as its testament. He gives a warning to young generation to not go to the crowd or the immoral venture to the dens of iniquity Out of rusty, as nobody knows what could happen or befall On the human, there is another view of life, which holds that wherever the crowd is, there is untruth, even if everyone knows that truth and secret truth would be surpassed by if they gathered in a crowd.

Main Idea to comprehend:
The magnanimity as well as the high surpassing power to this giant called as the crowd which has been significantly highlighted by this philosopher is of tremendous importance for our understanding, even of the present society and the contemporary world scenario in which greed as well as majoritarianism. The essence of these things are somehow prevalent in the garb of appeasement towards a specific section. A crowd can be a group of people who are either noble or law-like, but the idea of crowd itself falls primarily because of the reason that it can either make a single person completely irresponsible in office activities or it can listen to that person’s responsibility by factoring it into only a portion of their decisions. He believes that the most terrible or dangerous thing is to go along the crowd. It is the place where human beings are most easily corrupted and ready by the herd mentality.


He is saying that the crowd is the core of untruth as Christ was crucified because of not being part of the untruth. That is the crowd. He wanted to be what he was, the truth which is related to a single individual. Therefore, one who genuinely serves for truth is by fact a “martyr” as explained by Soren. The reasons that are substantially rendered for avoiding the company of the crowd, which are that when it is treated as authoritative in matters of truth. When the year is applauded, he is regarded as the final judge. He also says that those who speak to the crowd or who are wanting to lurk towards their endorsements, as well as dying, for their ascent, are regarded as being worse than the prostitutes. He also refers to the press or media as untruth in crowds. Persons action become a mimicry of the crowds action because this is the same level of morality, which is known as the customer level where the society or the cultural group to which a person hold his or her allegiance to are, carefully determining the boundaries of what is to be considered as an ethical action, and what is deemed to be as the stark opposite of it. The idea of God completely vanishes and human reality becomes holy self-contained. If ethics is seen as the highest ideal of human existence, he discusses the question of faith and whether the ethical is the ultimate reality and he comprehensively discusses the faith, paradox and the Suspension of the ethical in his work, fear and trembling. He invokes the story of Abraham in this regard and the idea that he decides to sacrifice his son for his faith in God at the provocation of God, Abraham is put to the dilemma to kill his own son, whom he had prayed for so long.

In accordance with established norms, the crowd that judges the killing would refrain from it and condiment, but Abraham chooses to follow his faith, placing all his trust that he means the same God who granted him his son will protect him once again when his son rises from the grave. His trust triumphs over public opinion, his steadfast truth in God is what makes him regarded as the father of faith. On the other hand, the ethical dimension of existence has popularly been related to universally accepted, laws and code of conduct to go against any of these is to openly commit a grave sin. It is the leap of faith that helps one to overcome this fear and say themselves free, such a suspension of the ethical is depicted in the story of Abraham, as he means the single person was higher than the Universe.


Critical Examination:
In last, he is also defining the three stages of existence, which could be inferred very critically. The first one of which being the aesthetic stage, the ethical and the religious, the religious is inferred to be regarded as the highest stage of personal commitment in the process of attaining eternal happiness, the subjective individual understands the meaning of suffering as an essential aspect of his own existence. Tragic heroes become the perfect portrayal of social dilemmas concerning the ethical and unethical. We face in our daily lives who are meant to navigate their decisions on their gut, that is, the gut is subjectivity , the inward Ness, which we started with. He involves the practice of Inverness that is of understanding and being at peace with your own self, determining your own fundamentals before trying to establish a relation with the outside. In absence of the knowledge of oneself and our likes, a person is pulled by the crowd in today’s time when the masses of the stronger and the more hooliganism polarized, it is very important to bring in fresh nuanced ideas to free ourselves from known. We are seeing the picture of this world in the light of our faith.


Conclusion:
We can write fully to bring down the curtains of our discussion by asserting to this conclusion that people become so absorbed in the crowd that they become near the number of the herd when religion is integrated into the society. The social sense became religious sense and for that reason, religion had died, suggesting that the leap of faith towards Christianity (Simply because of the fact that he was a Christian by profession) is the only way out of existential crisis. As it has been exceptionally claimed in the famous Indian religious known as, Viśhnushāhastṛañam that:

स्कन्दः स्कन्दधरो धुर्यो वरदो वायुवाहनः
वासुदेवो बृहद्भानुरादिदेवः पुरन्दरः (36)

We need to essentially rely completely on the subjective commitment to the supreme Almighty, because in the harshest ravages of time, no theoretical considerations or practical obstructions could ever help us. What will help us in order to provide us with ultimate relief is God as exclaimed by Soren Kierkegaard.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/S%C3%B8ren_Kierkegaard

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B.A Philosophy (Hons.) from Hansraj College, University of Delhi

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