Swatantra Divas : The Independence Day

“Chalo firr se aaj vo nazara yaad krlein,

Shaheedon ke dil mein thi vo jwala yaad krlein,

Jismein behkar azaadi pahunchi thi kinare parr,

Deshbhakton ke khoon ki vo dhara yaad krlein.

Na pucho zamane ko,

Kya humari kahani hai,

Humari pehchaan tohh sirf yehh hai

Ki hum sirf HINDUSTANI hain.”

Well said, “Hum sirf HINDUSTANI hain”. But have you ever thought how this “Hindustan” got its existence? How this “Hindustan” got freedom? Well, the answers to all these questions is just one date : “15th AUGUST”. Yes, 15th August, it’s the day when we actually got freedom, the day which gave India the tag of being “independent” and of course, an important date in Indian history. To your utmost delight, we have successfully completed 71 years of independence. Hell yeah, it’s our 72nd Independence Day.

India celebrates Independence Day on August 15 each year. India became an independent nation on August 15, 1947, so a gazetted holiday is held annually to remember this date.

Well, we all are aware of the fact that August 15 is celebrated as Independence Day every year. But what happened on this date? What made it so significant in the Indian history? Actually, the struggle for India’s Independence began in 1857 with the Sepoy Mutiny in Meerut. Later, in the 20th century, the Indian National Congress and other political organizations, under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi, launched a countrywide independence movement. Colonial powers were transferred to India on August 15, 1947.

The Constituent Assembly, to who power was to be transferred, met to celebrate India’s independence at 11pm on August 14, 1947. India gained its liberty and became a free country at midnight between August 14 and August 15, 1947. It was then that the free India’s first prime minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru gave his famous “Tryst with Destiny” speech. People across India are reminded of the meaning of this event – that it marked the start of a new era of deliverance from the British colonialism that took place in India for more than 200 years.

Indeed, Independence Day is very important for each and every Indian. It is a day when people in India pay homage to their leaders and those who fought for India’s freedom in the past.

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The president delivers the ‘”Address to the Nation” on the eve of Independence Day. India’s prime minister unfurls India’s flag and holds a speech at the Red Fort in Old Delhi. Flag hoisting ceremonies and cultural programs are held in the state capitals and often involve many schools and organizations. Do you know ‘Red Fort’ is also an important highlight of Independence Day? Hell yeah, it’s very important for us to know that Red Fort is the place where Indian Prime Minister Jawahar Lal Nehru unveiled India’s flag on August 15, 1947.

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Not only this, the period leading up to Independence Day is a time when major government buildings are illuminated with strings of lights and the tricolor flutters from homes and other buildings. Broadcast, print and online media may have special contests, programs, and articles to promote the day. Movies about India’s freedom fighters are also shown on television. Also, national, state and local government offices, post offices and banks are closed on this day. Stores and other businesses and organizations may or may not be closed.

 

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Talking about the individual level, many people spend the day with family members or close friends. They may eat a picnic in a park or private garden, go to a film or eat lunch or dinner at home or in a restaurant. Other people go kite flying or sing or listen to patriotic songs. The sport of kite flying symbolizes Independence Day. The skies are dotted with countless kites flown from rooftops and fields to symbolize India’s free spirit of India. Kites of various styles, sizes and shades, including the tricolor are available in the marketplaces.

Well, India has really changed since Independence. In the first place, India’s population has grown from 359 million in 1947 to 1.34 billion in 2018. The country’s literacy rate was just 12 percent in 1947. It has jumped to 74 percent in 2018. Shocking but true, India’s food grain production has increased from 50 million tonnes in 1947 to 280 million tonnes in 2018. The country produced 17 million tonnes of milk in 1950-51. Milk production stands at 54 million tonnes as of 2017-2018. Moreover, in 1950, India had 53,596 route kilometres of rail network. In 2017, India had 66,687 route kilometres of railway network.

“Freedom in Mind, Faith in Words
Pride in our Heart,
Memories in our Souls.
Let’s Salute the Nation on
Happy Independence Day.”

WISH YOU ALL A VERY HAPPY INDEPENDENCE DAY! JAI HIND!

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She is currently pursuing B.A. (Hons) Economics from Satyawati College. She is an active member of Ecoshastra, the Economics Society of her College. She has worked as a “Marketing Executive” and as a “Content Developer” in Ecoshastra. Her hobbies include creative writing and reading. Moreover, She is looking forward to different jobs and internships so as to learn professional ethics.