“How do we know that an object is a work of art, or that a system of acts is performed with a view to art?”
Paul Valery was a French philosopher and in the essay idea of art, he tries to investigate art, its nature and characteristics. The meaning of art, its quality or value changes, depending on what type of artist is and who is the artist. The idea of art is as follows:

He states that the ways of doing that involves voluntary actions or actions initiated by the will we understand that it is a self willed Exercise and not forced upon us by any external pressure or force. We find that art is in everything. There is an artistic way of walking, breathing and even in silence. The artist is created by an artist and there are two characteristics surf facing the idea of artist, the first is, Native aptitude, which is also called as his or her inalienable Personal gift, and the second is what he or she has learnt or required through experience, which can be put to words and can be forwarded to the succeeding generations that may be coming.
Hence, Paul says that art can be learnt but not whole art. This difference is easier to state then to actually discern it in a practical example provided by a particular case. Therefore, it is said that “art is the quality of the way of doing which is due to dismal emotes of operations and hence in the results arising from dissimilarities of agents”. He has provided, even within this difference, the chief attribute of the work of art which can be termed as uselessness.

This could be understood as in the sensations, impressions, and perception when we annul it, We do not dwell in it because it is not playing a major role in our life supporting system. Additionally, it could be arbitrary as well because we receive more sensations that are necessary, and we use extra to fashion something without any specific purpose. Therefore, art is originated in the attempt to endow these sensations with the kind of utility and act with a kind of necessity, however, this utility and necessity is not universal, but they are subjectively understood and personally interpret it, specifically by individual.

Art has prompted significant modification to the conventional understanding of sensitivity. It is believed to be receptive, but it must be given credit for producing. It means that the mental images as well as their effect will have same contrast and symmetry, re relationships and more importantly, the same system of endlessly repeated regeneration that we have seen particularly in the specialized sensibilities. He has provided a different idea as well, which talks about the man’s ability to manipulate the matter which has underwent a steady develop, developed more robust and better precisely because of all these advantages that development of art has been made possible.

But Paul has a contrasting perspective on this as well that while art has created a full fledged market presence in this utilitarian capitalistic tradition only to preserve this creative sensibility, but because of technological advancement man’s sensibility may eventually become less flexible due to the growth and intensity of this disorder that these astounding innovations have created within the deep fragments of a person’s thought.

The sensibility, oppressed and opposed to “vacant idleness” because “sensibility in its beginning, beginning and end abhors vacuum” And to overcome absence and have positive effect in life, there is a constant exchange between potentiality and activity within the sensibility. It is not limited to responding. Sometimes it demands and then produces for itself as he believed that art should be an embodiment of beauty, harmony and proportion.

It was his idea that could be defined through the inner quality of the artist, creativity, as well as the perceptions of the viewers. Language and symbolism is important to art because any aesthetic matter must go beyond the surface appearance of things and has to necessarily reveal structures of reality. Symbolism is a way of expressing, revealing and understanding the hidden associations that lie underneath the surface of ordinary perception aspects.

To conclude, we can say that there have been many criticism against this theory that it is abstract very complex and has a challenging language which could be not easily understood by ordinary people, but any contextual discussion does not results in the particular material becoming dull or de philosophy related to knowledge, enhancement and enlightenment, and this theory is precisely doing that higher goal task His idea which revolves around the notion that art is not passive, reproduction of reality, but transformative process that engages sense, emotions, and intellect of the viewer is a very groundbreaking finding in the world of art. As he says that the work of art is never finished, it is nearly abandoned, which suggests that it is continuous without any full stop or commas- It is like the river which keeps on flowing. It gives us inspiration. It stimulates our senses and provides us with an undying sense of aesthetic pleasure, and that is what art is all about.

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Chaitanya Sharma
B.A Philosophy (Hons.) from Hansraj College, University of Delhi


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